European turtle DOvE
- Order: Columbiformes
- Family: Columbidés
- Genus: Streptopelia
- Species: turtur
- Linnaeus, 1758
- Size: 29 cm
- Wingspan: 47 to 53 cm
- Weight: 150 to 225 g
It emits a soft, purring “rou-rr” coo, often repeated for long periods.
Find out more about this birdsong
iucn conservation Status
In this small turtle-dove, the two sexes are identical. The head and cap are grey-blue, with the feathers on the back of the bonnet and nape often showing vague brown borders. The sides of the neck have white and black stripes in 3 or 4 rows. The scapulars, mantle and wing coverts are reddish-brown but with black feather centres, giving these parts a very scaly appearance. The long, rounded black tail is edged in white, apart from the central rectrices. The blue-grey wing feathers are particularly visible in flight. The neck and breast are pinkish grey. The belly and the rest of the underparts are whitish, lighter than those of the Turtle Dove. The yellow eye is surrounded by a red ring. The beak is dark and the legs pinkish.
Juveniles are duller and brown. The grey of the head and neck, and the purplish of the breast are replaced by dull brown. The pale reddish buff border is narrower on the scapulars, tertiary wing feathers and wing coverts. The black centre of the feathers is less distinct. All these features make the scaly appearance less obvious. The orbital circle is pink rather than red.
From late April to migration in September, turtle doves tend to be found in open landscapes dotted with trees, bushes, hedges and copses. They are often found in thickets bordering farmland, where they seek most of their food. Unlike the Wood Pigeon, the Turtle Dove is rarely found on city buildings. Following its more reserved nature, it prefers to remain in the shelter of medium-sized vegetation.
threat – protection
The species has declined significantly in France since the 1970s. There are two main reasons for this: it is heavily hunted when it visits Mediterranean regions. To this must be added the degradation of its habitat due to the destruction of hedges and the massive use of pesticides in agriculture.
PlaceAknīste – Gārsene – Ausmas,
OiseauEuropean Turtle Dove
FresqueVulture & Eagle
OiseauxSpanish Imperial Eagle, Cinereous Vulture.
PlaceKišpatićeva ul. 12,
Place1 Boulevard de Dresde,
France Grand Est
3083 WB Rotterdam,
FresqueThe European Robin
ParMarloes de Kiewit
Place35 Rue du Général Leclerc92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux
FresqueFive birds by Mantra
OiseauxCommon Kingfisher, Barn Swallow, European Goldfinch, Eurasian bullfinch, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker.
PlacePlace Seigneur de Monlezun,
FresqueThe Red Partridge
PlaceSs Cyril & Methodius 44,
Macédoine du Nord
Place2 Place des Marseillaises,
Fresque6 Mediterranean and American birds
OiseauxEurasian Hoopoe, Western Black-eared Wheatear, Blue Rock Thrush.
Place299 Avenue de l’Adour,
Fresque11 migratory birds of the Basque coast
Place84 Rue du Chemin Vert,